A basic hierarchy or pyramid of human needs was devised by Abraham Maslow, a founder of the humanistic movement in psychology. Maslow believed that there are certain basic needs humans must meet before they can be concerned with satisfying other needs.
*(From base going up)
He argued that some people may live their entire lives stuck on just one set of needs. For example some people are barely able to keep themselves and their families alive and stay on the bottom level.
The ultimate need on Maslow’s pyramid is the need for self-actualisation, that is, the need to realise one’s innate abilities and talents. Those who are self-actualised, according to Maslow, are those who have been able to satisfy all their other needs in order to fulfil themselves as human beings. Very few people qualify for this category. Most of us do however, experience at least a glimpse of self- actualisation in moments that Maslow calls peak experiences for example, sporting achievements, childbirth or scholarly insight to name just a few.